Soil & Water Conservation
Conserving soil and water is the most important component of Watershed Development. Soil & water conservation in the treated watersheds amounting to 7000 ha was achieved through treatment measures including contour bunding, rain pit digging, mulching, stream embankment strengthening etc. As a result, fertility of the soils and crop productivity have considerably improved.
With the aim of improving farm productivity and family income, horticulture development was facilitated on a large scale. All the participating families were provided saplings/seedlings of various fruit trees, including mango, sapota, orange, goose berry, soursop, mangostine and jack fruit for planting in their farm lands. Nearly 20000 seedlings were planted, some of which have started yielding.
Another important activity component under watershed project is providing livelihood support to needy families. The identified families were helped with income generation activities, including dairying, goatery, poultry and kitchen gardening.
A number of other supplementary activities were also under taken, including Production System Management ( Bio-gas, Vermi Compost, Dung pit and cattle shed etc), Community Development, Group Building and Women Empowerment.
Roof Water Harvesting (RWH)
With a view to increasing the volume of drinking water, Roof Water Harvesting technology was used. Needy households were provided roof water harvesting tanks with average capacity of 5000 liters. Bigger tanks with capacity ranging from 10000 to 25000 liters were constructed for groups and institutions, like schools.